2021 年 4 月广东学位英语真题(A 卷)
Part I Dialogue Completion (10 points)
Directions: nhispar,heeaeheedalogueswhheeorfourbanks,each folowed by our choces maked A. B. C and D. Fl n each bank wh thechocehatbestsuishesuaionunlhedaloguescompeeWihDalogue One,alhechoceswlhaveoheused.WihDalogueTwoandDalogueThee,on echocewlbeleiunused.MakyouansweronheANSWERSHEET.
Shop assistant: Can I help you?
Customer: Yes. 1
Shop assistant: We should have some in stock, but I'm not sure. 2
Customer: Thank you. I'd like to try on a blue one if possible, Shop assistant: Well, the blue ones are out of stock. 3
Customer: Hmm, it looks nice. 4
Shop assistant: Yes, of course. The changing rooms are over there.
A. May I try it on, please?
B. Let me check it for you.
C. How about this green one?
D. Do you have a skirt like this in size M?
Teacher: Nice to meet you again, Jenny,
Jenny: Hi, Miss Wang.
Jenny: It was wonderful. How about you?
Teacher: Great! 6 And the scenery there was so impressive.
Jenny: I agree! I went there last summer, too. 7
Teacher: Yeah, Oh, it's almost time for class. We can talk about it later.
A. Come in and join the class.
B. It was such a charming place.
C. How was your summer vacation?
D. I travelled to Jiuzhaigou Valley with my family.
Jane: Hello, may I speak to Miss Jones?
Receptionist: Oh, she's just left the office.
Receptionist: Well, I'm not sure. 9
Jane: Yes, please. Could you tell her that Jane Henderson called and ask her to call me back?
Receptionist: Of course. 10
Jane: Sure. It's 0151 227 9789.
Receptionist: OK. I'll tell Miss Jones that you called
A. When would you like to meet?
B. May I have your phone number?
C. When do you think she'll be back?
D. Would you like to leave a message?
Part II Reading Comprehension (40 points)
Directions: Theeaeourpassagesnhispar.Eachpassagesfolowedbyve quesionsorunfnishedsaemens.Foreachofhem,heeaefouchoicesmakedA, B,CandD.ChoosehebestoneandmakyouansweronheANSWERSHEET.
Sixteen years ago I learned this lesson in the back seat of a New York City taxi.Here's what happened. I got on a taxi and set out for Grand Central Station. We were driving in the right lane when, all of a sudden, a black car cut in right in front of us. My taxi driver slammed on the brakes. The taxi skidded (滑行) and missed that black car's back end just by inches!
The driver of the black car, who almost caused a big accident, started yelling bad words at us. My taxi driver just smiled and waved at the guy. He was so friendly! I was surprised and asked,"Why did you just do that? This guy almost ruined your car and sent us to the hospital!" Then my taxi driver taught me something, which I now call “The Law of the Garbage Truck."
Many people are like “garbage trucks". They run around full of “garbage"- full of frustration, full of anger, and full of disappointment. As their "garbage" piles up, they need a place to dump it. And if you let them, they will dump it on you. When they do so, do not take it personally. You just smile, wave, wish them well, and move on. You will be happy with what youhave done.
I started to criticize myself for my previous reactions."How often did I let 'garbage truok'y run right over me? And how often did I take their 'garbage' and spread it to other people at work, at home or on the streets?" It was that day that I made up my mind not to act like that anymore.
Successful people do not let "garbuge trucks" take over their day. What about us?
If we let more "garbage trucks" pass us by, we will be happier. Life is too short to wake uip with regres in the morning. So, lave those people who treat you right. Forget about the ones who do not,
11. In Paragraph 1,"slammed on the brakes" meams“ ."
A. drove the car steadily
B. stopped the ear suddenly
C. overtook the front ear carefully
D. speeded up the car immediately
12. Which of the following statements is true about the taxi driver?
A. He caused a big accident.
B. He was sent to the hospital.
C. He shouted at the other driver.
D. He acted friendly to the other driver.
13. What does "garbage trucks" in this passage refer to?
A. People collecting garbage.
B. People with negative feelings.
C. The trucks carrying kitchen waste.
D. The trucks working at a dumping ground.
14. The author regretted .
A. having smiled and waved at the driver
B. having taken the “garbage” and spread it to others
C. having acted friendly towards people on the streets
D. having let the driver go when he almost caused the car accident
15. The purpose of the passage is .
A. to teach people how to drive in the city
B. to tell people how to avoid car accidents
C. to inform people of traffic rules in New York
D. to advise people on handling bad emotions from others
Nowadays, children heavily cling to digial devices such as computers and smart phones,Some spend up to six hours a day on their digital devices. They ean be playing games online with people elsewhere, updating their status on social media, texting friends, or looking for the latest apps to download to their computers or smart phones.
This worried Marin Strott. He is the headmaster of the Old Hall School in Wellington, England. He was so concemed that he challenged his students to take part in a week of "digital detox", a program to reduce their reliance on digital devices. Mr. Strott told the loeal newspaper, the Shropshire Star, that too much sereen time
would affect the development of their social skils. At another interview with a magazine, he mentioned that this over-reliance on digital devices"takes away family time and reduces their chances of face-to-face communication”.
The parents are happy with the program. But what about the children? Nine-year-old Fre dusually spends around two hours on his digital devices at home after school and around 12 hours on weckends. For him, the digital detox experience was “really hard". He said that he had been engaged in many interesting outdoor activities organized by the headmaster, but still missed his phone and online games.
The idea of keeping children away from their digital devices for a while to prevent too much dependence on them is not particularly new. There have been similar practices in the United States. But are they effective in the long run? According to Mr. Strott, even if kids go back to their digital devices, the hope is that at least they will think about how they will use their time.
16. According to Paragraph 1, what would children do when they cling to their digital devices?
A. They would shop on social media.
B. They would message their friends.
C. They would develop the latest apps.
D. They would do their homework online.
17. What does the term “digital detox"(Para. 2) mean?
A. Developing their social skills.
B. Using digital devices skillfully.
C. Spending less time on digital devices.
D. Promoting the use of digital devices.
18. The Shropshine Star is .
A. a magazine
B. a newspaper
C. a learning app
D. a digital device
19. How did Fred feel about his "digial detox" experience? A.Tough.
20. What is the passage mainly about?
A. The functions of smart phones.
B. An introduction to digital devices.
C. The after-class activities for students.
D. A project to prevent over-reliance on digital devices.
Scientist Wambugu works with farmers in Kenya, a country in East Africa. She helps themgrow bigger and better crops. She is especially interested in finding simple ways to produce more food.
In the past ten years, she has spent much of her time studying sweet potatoes. They are an important food in her part of Kenya. A vinus kept attacking the plants. It stopped the sweet potatoes from growing properly. Some farmers, says Wambugu, lost three quarters of their crops because of the vinus. Even expensive chemicals and complicated machines could not eliminate the virus.
Wambugu went to war against the virus. She searched for a weapon that could save the sweet potatoes. This led to a laboratory established in St. Louis, Missouri. The lab works on genes. Genes exist in the cells of living things and could tell a plant to produce pink flowers or an animal to grow black hair. Now scientists have found ways to move genes from one living thing to another. This process is called genetic engineering. By making use of it, Wambugu created a sweet potato plant that could fight against the virus. She tested her research in Kenya, and her plants produced magnificent sweet potatoes.
That's just the beginning, the seientist believes. Genetically modified foods, she
argues,could help farmers in poor countrics grow crops desperately needed."What farmers need" complicated machines — just create strong plants that farmers can grow simply, and fewer Wambugu says,"is technology that is packaged in the seed." No expensive chemicals, no pcople will go hungty.
Nevertheless, eritics wam that it is dangerous to put genes into species where they do not belong. Because genes tell the cells in plants or animals how to grow, it is not known for sure how the mixing of genes will affect plants of animals in the long term. With that in mind, many people worry about the safety of genetically modified foods.
21. What caused the loss of three quarters of sweet potatoes in Kenya?
A. A vinus.
B. A weapon.
C. New technologics.
D. Expensive chemicals.
22.What is genetic enginecring?
A. A type of genetically modified food.
B. A plant that can produce pink flowers.
C. A laboratory where scientists do research.
D. A technology to put the genes of one species into another.
23. What concern do critics have about genetic engineering?
A. More labor force is needed.
B. Complex machines are required.
C. The impact of mixed genes is still unknown.
D. It is costly to use genetic engineering in farming.
24. What did Wambugu do to help the farmers?
A. She turned to the army for help.
B. She created a new type of animals.
C. She suggested a new way to pack the plants.
D. She found a solution to the loss of sweet potatoes.
25. This puassnge is prohabty from .
A. a public speeeh
B. a news report
C. a business letter
D. a commercial advertisement
Doctors say anger can be an exremely damaging emotion, unless you learn how to deal with it. They wam that anger ean lead to heart disease, stomach problems,
headaches, emotional problems and breast cancer.
Anger is a normal emotion that we all feel from time to time. Some people express anger openly in a caim and reasonable way. Others burst with anger, screaming and yelling. But still others keep their anger inside. They cannot or will not express it. This is called repressing anger.
For years some doctors claim that both repressing and expressing anger can be dangerous, They say that in both situations the brain of an angry person releases the same hormones ( 荷 尔 蒙 ). They speed the heart rate, raise blood pressure or sugar level in the blood. As a result, the angry person feels excited and is ready to react. The violent reaction may lead to high blood pressure. However, some other doctors argue that repressing anger is more dangerous to a person's health than expresing it. They believe that those who keep their anger inside may face a greater danger of heart disease.
Most doctors agree that it is important to learn how to deal with anger. They say the first step is to admit that you are angry and recognize the real cause of the anger, then decide if the
cause is serious enough to get angry about. If so, do not express your anger immediately. Wait until your anger has cooled down and you are able to express yourself calmly and reasonably.They also believe that a good way to deal with anger is
to find humor in the situation that has made you angry. After all, it is much healthier to laugh than to get angry.
26. In Parngraph 2,“repressing" means .
27. According to some doctors, .
A. neither expressing nor repressing anger wovuild produce hormones
B. expressing anger would produce lower level of hormones than repressing it
C. expressing anger would produce the same level of hormones as repressing it
D. expressing anger would produce higher level of hormones than repressing it
28. The best way to deal with anger is .
A. to scream and yell
B. to keep anger inside
C. to express anger calmly
D. to joke about the annoying situation
29. What is the best title for this passage?
A.Anger: A Normal Emotion
B. The Ways to Express Anger
C. Hormones: The Result of Anger
D. Anger and the Ways to Cope with it
30. What is the tone of this passage?
Part III Vocabulary and Structure (20 points)
Directions: Theeae20incompeesenencesnhispar.Foreachsenencehee ae fourchoces maked A, B, Cand D. Choosehe one hatbescompeeshe senence.MakyouransweronheANSWERSHEET.
31. The plane took at 10 o'clock sharp.
32. The number of cell phone users in recent years,
A. keeps grown
B. is growing
C. are growing
D. have grown
33. 1 don't have anything with my father.
A. in detail
B. in practice
C. in common
D. in general
34. He is the only child in the family. He has sisters brothers.
A. neither... nor
B. either... or
C. both ... and
D. neither... or
35. Be more careful in spelling. Don' any letter again.
36. The govemment applied this rule every city of the country,
37. by a car, the poor man was unconscious for thre days,
B. Having hit
D. He was hit
38. Jerry's doctor suggested that Jerry in hospital for two more weeks,
B. will stay
C. had stayed
39. I cannot tell you what I think of the film I have not seen it yet.
B. even if
C. so that
40. The population of this country over 3,000 tons of polatoes every month.
41. surprised all of us was that he canceled the meeting,
42. This is the oldest chureh in Eingland important religious activities are held,
43. He tried to the jiudges of his inmocence.
44. The harder you work, progress you will make in the future. A .more
C. The best
C. the most
D. the greater
45. Even if English is so widely used in the worid, by no means our mother tongue.
A. it can replace
B. will it replace
C. it will replace
D. it replaces
46. Edgar in doing it, though he had failed more than once.
47. May's ability to leam from observations
48. People's living standard in this city is far above
greatly to her success in public life.
49. It was the next morning that her husband came back home.
A. not till
D. not until
50. He made a big mistake and he was fired by the company.
Part IV Translation (15 points)
Directions: TansaeheoowngpassageinoChneseandputyouransaionon theANSWERSHEET.
Not everybody feels the same way about ears. To some, ears are just machines on wheels.These people hunt for the best value. They look for vehicles that are not only affordable but also reliable, gas efficient, reasonably safe and not too expensive to repair. To some, cars are emotional extensions of their owners. Think about the excitement when one looks at a luxury ear. The status, speed and wealth represented by such a ear are certainly atractive. There is also a special class of ear owners. To them, modern day vehicles are artistic disasters — tasteless and boring. The only real cars are those vehicles they see in movies in their grandparents' time. These cars may be really antique but not ugly.
Part VWriting(15 points)
Directions: Youaeowrennolesshan 100wodsonheopcof “What mportant factors) wl I consder when choosing a universty or further